When installing or upgrading to a lightweight zesty (17.04) ubuntu server I use this
/etc/apt/sources.list example below which I manage via the
edpkg alias from the NetServa SH (shell scripts) Githb repo.
Note: this still applies to the later
bionic releases, just ctrl-\ search and replace “zesty” for “artful”, “bionic” or any later version, in the
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu zesty main universe deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu zesty-updates main universe deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu zesty-backports main universe deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu zesty-security main universe
The first 2 lines are commented reminders of some common extra options I sometimes need. The first one is to manually add a PPA key when python-based tools are not available and the second one is helpful when some server packages insist on installing X based packages (via font, gfx dependencies).
Now we can remove some mostly unneeded packages for a super lean system and then update and fully upgrade the server (some of these are for a typical DigitalOcean 16.04+ install)…
apt remove --purge --auto-remove *python* *golang* cloud* ttf-* man* vi* \ sasl2-bin xinetd rpcbind rsyslog at lxcfs open-iscsi accountsservice apt update apt -y full-upgrade
WARNING: Once the cloud-init package is removed then the eth0/eth1 interfaces listed in
/etc/network/interfaces.d/50-cloud-init.cfgmay change so do a
ifconfig -aand note the available network interfaces then manually edit 50-cloud-init.cfg accordingly.
This is just an optional intermediate step I find convenient. Set
debconf to “Readline” and “high”, set
dash to “no” so
bash is the default shell and set your timezone to whatever you want…
dpkg-reconfigure debconf dpkg-reconfigure dash dpkg-reconfigure tzdata
And now here is the SQLite based package list for a super lightweight LESP server (linux nginx sqlite php) as opposed to a typical but heavier LAMP (linx apache mysql php) server.
apt install --no-install-recommends \ postfix-sqlite postfix-policyd-spf-perl opendkim opendkim-tools \ dovecot-imapd dovecot-lmtpd dovecot-sqlite dovecot-managesieved spamprobe \ nginx-light php7.0-fpm php7.0-sqlite3 php7.0-curl php7.0-intl php7.0-imap \ php7.0-gd php7.0-xml pdns-backend-sqlite3
Blending all this together so it actually works as a coherent Web/Mail/DNS hosting service is another post for another day. After a reboot you will find that this particular set of services will take up about 60Mb of real RSS ram (even less without PowerDNS running) so a $5/month 512Mb DO Droplet or even a $32/year 256Mb VPS can host a dozen or so light to medium sized virtual domains.